Search Results for 'reinforcement'


Group: Behavioral Economics
Economics, like behavioral psychology, is a science of behavior. The value of economic concepts for behavioral psychology rests on their empirical validity when tested in the laboratory with individual subjects and their uniqueness when compared to establ…
Group: Neuroscience
From Skinner (e.g., 1938, 1974) on behavioral scientists have been interested in a unified, rigorous, scientific approach to the interplay between behavior and neurophysiology. The purpose of this section of the website is to present the work of behaviora…
Resource: Animal Behavior - Reader's Forum
Animal Behavior - Reader's Forum: Sullivan, T. (unpublished paper). The Yin and Yang of Positive Reinforcement Training.
Resource: Jesse the Talented Jack Russell - YouTube Video
A fun, inspiring video featuring positive reinforcement, Clicker Training and Jesse the Talented Jack Russell.
Resource: Gambling and dopamine
Editorial appearing in Behavior Analysis Digest, Vol. 18, No. 1, (Spring 2006). Article discusses previous findings attributing compulsive gambling behavior to dopamine production in the brain while gaming. Study had failed to address reinforcement mainta…
Resource: Rewards, Punishments, or Threats?
This article discusses the positive results of focusing on rewarding good behavior rather than punishing bad behavior. we may encourage good behavior now and then, but bad behavior usually gets most of the attention
Resource: Reinforcement learning and conditioning: an overview
Computer simulations represent an important test of the explanatory power of quantitative models of behavior. Jeremie Jozefowiez presents an investigation into computer models of conditioning, both operant and respondent, that underlie both animal and hum…
Resource: Training Tips from the 1950's by Dr. Mary Burch
Dr. Burch provides a glimpse into her past while sharing Rudd Weatherwax's positive reinforcement training tips before they were popular.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 129-132 (2010). REMARKS.…
To the extent that behavior is governed by reinforcement contingencies, we may agree with B.F. Skinner that operant behavior is essentially the field of purpose. I should like to take another step and suggest that behavior under stimulus control is essent…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 87-104 (2009). INTENTIO…
Discrepancies between animal and human responding on standard schedules of reinforcement have been explained by reference to the human capacity for language and consequent formulation of self-instructions. As a result, schedule responding has been causall…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 36, 87-96 (2008). THE CONCEP…
The history of psychology has seen recurrent controversies on the circularity of reinforcement explanations, and behavior analysts disagree among themselves as to whether the concept of operant reinforcement is explanatory or descriptive. Some behavior …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 139-148 (2007). BEHAVIOR…
Foxall's intentional behaviorism is supposed to provide explanation and understanding where radical behaviorism provides only prediction and control. Foxall does identify empirical and conceptual issues with the operant reinforcement framework, but he …
Resource: Behavioral Technology Today, 3, 2-6, (2003). BASKETBA…
''Choice'' situations arise when concurrent schedules of reinforcement are available in an organism's environment. The matching law posits that given two concurrently available response alternatives the relative rate of responding equals the relative r…
Resource: Behavioral Technology Today, 1, 1-12, (2001). CHANGIN…
At the Association for Behavior Analysis Convention in May, 2000, Darry Callahan, former CEO of Chevron Chemical, now Senior Vice President of Chevron Corporation and Chevron Chemical Company were presented with the award for ''Outstanding Contribution …
Resource: Living and Learning, 1, (1), (2001). EFFECTIVE STRATE…
This issue covers topics such as the use of positive reinforcement, behavioral momentum, positive interaction and more and provides an overview of what behavior.org has to offer.
Resource: Living and Learning, 1, (2), (2001). EFFECTIVE STRATE…
This issue begins with the question 'How can we help children with sudden and violent death?'. Other topics provide information on the difference between reinforcement and bribery, replacing coercion with cooperation, and includes suggested readings avail…
Item: Don't Shoot the Dog! Revised Edition
Don't Shoot the Dog! By Karen PryorKaren Pryor's clear and entertaining explanation of behavioral training methods made Don't Shoot the Dog! A bestselling classic. Now this revised edition presents more of her insights into animal-and human-behavior. A gr…
Item: Behavior Analysis Formsfor Clinical InterventionVolume 2
Behavior Analysis Forms for Clinical Intervention,Volume 2, by Joseph R. CautelaThe purpose of behavioral assessment for clinical treatment is to determine the target behaviors, discover the antecedents and consequences controlling those behaviors, and …
Item: The Revealed Operant
The Revealed Operant by Francis Mechner An operant is a revealed operant (rO) if it is specified as a sequence of more than two recorded sub-operants. The first and last sub-operants must be made on different manipulanda. An rO differs from traditional…
Item: Other People's Habits
Other People's Habits by Aubrey C. DanielsNothing so needs reforming as other people's habits. - Mark Twain Taking Mr. Twain's wry observation to heart, Aubrey Daniels, the internationally renowned author, behavioral psychologist, and premier performance…
Item: Achieving Educational Excellence 1Behavior Analysis for S…
Achieving Educational Excellence 1: Behavior Analysis for School Personnel by Beth Sulzer-Azaroff & G. Roy Mayer.Originally published as Achieving Educational Excellence: Using Behavioral Strategies in 1986, this book has been reprinted by the auth…
Item: Coercion and Its FalloutStudy Guide
Coercion and Its Fallout, Study Guide by James KoppOver the years, I have been writing my own questions for more and more of the material I use in my classes. . . . The students I have sent on to study under other behavior analysts have always been said …
Item: Families: Applications of SocialLearning to Family Life
Families: Applications of Social Learning to Family Life by Gerald R. Patterson Families helps parents recognize the crucial role they play in shaping their children's behavior. The first half of the book examines reinforcement and contracts as the bas…
Item: Parents Are Teachers:A Child Management Program
Parents Are Teachers: A Child Management Program by Wesley C. Becker This book provides an extremely effective and easy-to-understand child management program. It stresses the importance of using clear instructions and positive consequences in teaching…
Item: Teaching with Reinforcement (Learning About Dogs)
This book covers many types of positive reinforcement training as used in clicker training, first learning, instinctive behaviours and lifestyle management. It will question your concept of rewards and bring you closer to exceptional effectiveness and a g…
Item: Behavioral Science: Tales of Inspiration, Discovery, and …
In the early 1980s our Center was formed in Cambridge, Massachusetts to advance the new science and seek applications that might reduce human suffering. We took on many projects and were joined by some brilliant academicians and practitioners. In 1989 a f…
Item: Actively Caring for People Policing: Building Positive Po…
Throughout the years experts have struggled to define the term “police culture.” For most this label means a reactive approach to keeping people safe by using punitive consequences to punish or detain the perpetrators. The result: More attenti…
Tutorial: Seven Life Lessons from Humanistic Behaviorism - UWF
Seven Life Lessons from Humanistic Behaviorism: How to bring the best out of yourself and others - UWF Presenter: Dr. E. Scott Geller CEU: 1.0 units Type II BACB® CE Credit Choose this course. Course Description:Seven evidence-based guideline…
Tutorial: Dr. Phil Hineline: An elephant in our verbal room - …
An elephant in our verbal room Presenter: Dr. Philip Hineline CEU: 1.0 Type II CE Credit Course Choose this course. Description: "An elephant in the room" is understood as something important and omnipresent that the affected people do not acknow…
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