Search Results for 'psychology'


Event: 11th Annual Conference on Autism & Related Disorders: Re…
11th Annual West Coast Conference on Autism & Related Disorders: Research-Based Solutions Friday, April 27, 2018 Registration 7:30 am Presentations 8:30 am - 4:45 pm Sign out 4:45 pm  A one-day conference featuring leading experts in fields…
Group: Autism
Advice for Parents on Selecting Appropriate Treatments
Group: Behavioral Economics
Economics, like behavioral psychology, is a science of behavior. The value of economic concepts for behavioral psychology rests on their empirical validity when tested in the laboratory with individual subjects and their uniqueness when compared to establ…
Resource: Ethics in Professional Practice Conference - Save the…
Join Drs. Thomas Zane and Michael Dorsey of the Institute for Behavioral Studies in welcoming the Cambridge Center to this beautiful campus. The one day conference featuring leaders in the fields of Psychology, Business, Autism and Applied Behavior Analy…
Resource: Motivational YouTube Video - Dr. E. Scott Geller
“The Psychology of Self-Motivation: Scott Geller at TEDxVirginiaTech”, explains self-motivation from a behavior analysis perspective. It’s relevant for teachers, parents, supervisors, and students, actually anyone who wants behavior to be self-dire…
Resource: Course Syllabus Psychology 499/699 Section 002, Mark …
Course Syllabus Psychology 499/699 Section 002 ADV SPECIAL TOPICS: Climate Change & Human Behavior Fall 2010 Instructor: Mark Alavosius,Ph.D.
Resource: The Inclusion of Cultures and Cultures of Inclusion b…
The Inclusion of Cultures and Cultures of Inclusion Charlotte Mandell, Ph.D. Department of Psychology University of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell, MA
Resource: The War We Are Facing by Steven C. Hayes
An essay from Dr. Steven C. Hayes, Foundation Professor in Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno
Resource: On Chomsky's Review of Skinner's Verbal Behavior
Skinner's book, Verbal Behavior, was published in 1957. Chomsky's review of it appeared in 1959. Chomsky's review was, to put it mildly, displeased. It was also a virtuoso performance whose echoes reverbered throughout psychology. This article provided th…
Resource: Pervasive Negative Effects of Rewards on Intrinsic Mo…
Reprinted with permission of the Association for Behavior Analysis [please note that this article is only available for personal use and can not be duplicated and distributed without permission of the Association for Behavior Analysis]. A major concern in…
Resource: The Long Good-Bye: Why B. F. Skinner’s Verbal Behav…
The year 2007 marked the 50th anniversary of the publication of B. F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior, a book that by Skinner's own account was his most important. The received view, however, is that a devastating review by a young linguist not only rendered Sk…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 43, 1-37 (2015). ANTIDUALISM…
ABSTRACT: Radical behaviorism (RB) is antidualistic and antimentalistic. Antidualism is the rejection of ontological dualism, the partition of reality into physical and nonphysical. Antimentalism is the rejection of the ontological theses that mind is ca…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 17-43 (2011/2012). A …
At present there is no explanation for the mind/brain relationship; it is hard to conceive mentalistic explanations in terms of mechanistic explanations, where mechanistic explanations refer to explanations common in the sciences such as neurophysiologica…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 89-92 (2011/2012). CO…
ABSTRACT: Rakover argues that both mechanistic and mentalistic accounts are needed to explain behavior, and his position is based mainly on the fact that physical and mentalistic accounts have existed throughout recorded history, yet all attempts to recon…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 93-102 (2011/2012). M…
ABSTRACT: Rakover has thought about the nature of explanation for a long time and he has written some insightful pieces on the possibility of incorporating mentalistic language into serious explanations of our activities. Here he takes an extreme tack and…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 107-125 (2011/2012). …
ABSTRACT: First I comment on the reasons that motivated me to develop the approach of Methodological Dualism (MD) and Multi-Explanation Framework (MEF) and present a brief summary of its main ideas; second, I respond to the commentators' criticisms; fin…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy. 39/40. 145-202 (2011/2012). …
ABSTRACT: Methodological behaviorism is a stance on verbal processes and the meaning of "psychological" terms and concepts that are deployed in theories and explanations of behavior. According to this stance, all such terms and concepts should be based on…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 345-353 (2011/2012). …
Chemero, Anthony. (2009). Radical embodied cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: A Bradford Book, MIT Press. Students of psychology are taught to regard the Representational Theory of Mind as a relatively new invention, attached to the rise of modern compute…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 1-29 (2010). IS NEUROSCI…
The widespread use of brain imaging techniques encourages conceiving of neuroscience as the forthcoming "mindscience". Perhaps surprisingly for many, this conclusion is still largely unwarranted. The present paper surveys various shortcomings of neuroscie…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 21-37 (2009). WHY THE RA…
For radical behaviorists, talk about "private events" could be about any of four things: (a) private behavioral events, (b) physiology, (c) dispositions, or (d) explanatory fictions. Talk about private events as behavioral engages the influence of feeling…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 87-104 (2009). INTENTIO…
Discrepancies between animal and human responding on standard schedules of reinforcement have been explained by reference to the human capacity for language and consequent formulation of self-instructions. As a result, schedule responding has been causall…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 119-125 (2009). WHY DIS…
This commentary discusses the major claims and arguments presented by Field and Hineline (2008) against the general use of dispositional causal explanations in science and psychology and in favor of an alternative account that applies to cases in which ca…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 135-140 (2009). DISPOSIT…
Field and Hineline use the term dispositioning to refer to the tendency to privilege spatially and temporally local entities in psychological explanation. In our commentary we offer reasons for agreeing with their claim that dispositioning is overly preva…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 195-216 (2009). MORAL AG…
Arguably, one of the most exciting recent advances in moral philosophy is the ongoing scientific naturalization of normative ethics and metaethics, in particular moral psychology. A relatively neglected area in these improvements that is centrally importa…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 36, 1-4 (2008). PETER HARZEM…
Peter was a wonderful human being who showed us through his intelligence, scholarship, wit, and honesty that psychology has a long way to go. All of us will miss him in this journey.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 36, 87-96 (2008). THE CONCEP…
The history of psychology has seen recurrent controversies on the circularity of reinforcement explanations, and behavior analysts disagree among themselves as to whether the concept of operant reinforcement is explanatory or descriptive. Some behavior …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 1-55, (2007). INTENTIONA…
This paper proposes an overarching philosophical framework for the analysis and interpretation of behavior that incorporates both radical behaviorism and intentional psychology in a model, "intentional behaviorism"' that additionally links the explanati…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 65-76 (2007). ABOUT ABOU…
The rationale, scientific necessity, and character of intentionality ascriptions (assertions that attribute beliefs, expectations, wishes and such to certain systems) remain unresolved issues in the philosophy of mind and psychology. Foxall's proposed r…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 131-138 (2007). A BEHAVI…
According to Foxall (2007), simple acts may best be explained in terms of behavior of the organism as a whole, but complex behavioral patterns, usually described by mental terms, can only be explained by neurocognitive psychology, in which the mind is …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 149-183, (2007). THE THE…
This paper is a conceptual analysis of the theory debate in psychology, as carried out by cognitivists and radical behaviorists.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 1-17 (2006). NATURE, NUR…
Determining the degree to which persistent human behaviors and traits are the result of genetics or environment is important for a host of theoretical reasons in psychology. This article asks whether the results of such determinations are relevant to th…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 89-107 (2006). CLASSIC E…
I analyze the theoretical tenets of early ethology and the criticisms leveled against it from comparative psychology. Early ethology had a clear research object, the study of behavioral adaptedness. Adaptedness was explained by the functional rules and …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 101-131 (2005). PAUL E.M…
Paul E. Meehl and B. F. Skinner, two of the foremost psychological theorists of the 20th century, overlapped at the University of Minnesota in the early 1940s when Skinner was a faculty member and Meehl was a graduate student. Though Skinner was well a…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 5-12 (2004). BEHAVIORISM…
The evolution of behaviorism from its explicit beginning with John B. Watson's declaration in 1913 to the behaviorisms of the present is considered briefly. Contributions of behaviorism to scientific psychology then and now are critically assessed, arr…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 13-35 (2004). ON THE CON…
In the early twentieth century psychology became the study of "behavior." This article reviews developments within animal psychology, functional psychology, and American society and culture that help explain how a term rarely used in the first years of …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 37-54 (2004). LOGICAL PO…
According to the standard account, logical positivism was the philosophical foundation of psychological neo-behaviorism. Smith (1986) has questioned this interpretation, suggesting that neo-behaviorism drew its philosophical inspiration from a differen…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 55-68 (2004). BEHAVIOR I…
In this paper I discuss (1) the nontechnical nature of the term "behavior"; (2) the need to revisit the Aristotelian concept of soul as the prime naturalistic subject matter of psychology; (3) the incompleteness of meaning when behavior is identified wi…
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