Search Results for 'belief'


Event: A Free Live Webinar featuring Dr. Andy Bondy, Pyramid Ed…
Presented through the ABACLive Cambridge Center Series. Helping those who help others, one live webinar at a time. This event is FREE for the general public! For those wanting continuing education credits, please select continuing ed…
Resource: Perception, Expectancy, and Belief: Barriers to Measu…
Applications of behavior science have resulted in tremendous gains across a range of human endeavors, especially with children with special needs. A quality education program is derived from a thorough understanding of behavior analysis, stresses individu…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 42, 27-36 (2014). THE SCIENT…
ABSTRACT: In Against Moral Responsibility, the rejection of moral responsibility is based on appeal to basic beliefs about fairness (beliefs that are widely shared and naturally explicable, but not subject to rational or scientific confirmation). However,…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 17-43 (2011/2012). A …
At present there is no explanation for the mind/brain relationship; it is hard to conceive mentalistic explanations in terms of mechanistic explanations, where mechanistic explanations refer to explanations common in the sciences such as neurophysiologica…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 93-102 (2011/2012). M…
ABSTRACT: Rakover has thought about the nature of explanation for a long time and he has written some insightful pieces on the possibility of incorporating mentalistic language into serious explanations of our activities. Here he takes an extreme tack and…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 49-59 (2010). IS JUSTIFI…
Edmund Gettier (1963) argued against defining knowledge as justified true belief. Using two examples, he demonstrated that (a) believing a proposition to be true, (b) having justification for that belief, and (c) the proposition in fact being true, do not…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 36, 97-111 (2008). THE NATUR…
Philosophers and psychologists have debated what is meant by free will as well as the nature of human choice. However, only recently have data been gathered to consider common usage of the term; our data support college students' belief in free will as i…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 36, 157-168 (2008). THE ABDI…
What follows is a reply to a reply and, as such, necessarily derives, at least in part, from the comments of Foxall's critics. However, I tried to review Foxall's reply as a "new" paper standing on its own merits and, as such, I wanted to respond to it…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 57-60, (2007).COMMENTARY…
Foxall's incorrect claims about behavior analysis (2007) arise from a failure to understand the stance of behavior analysis. Behavior analysis is the science of behavior; it is about behavior and not about organisms. It views behavioral events as natura…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 65-76 (2007). ABOUT ABOU…
The rationale, scientific necessity, and character of intentionality ascriptions (assertions that attribute beliefs, expectations, wishes and such to certain systems) remain unresolved issues in the philosophy of mind and psychology. Foxall's proposed r…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 77-92 (2007). GORDON FOX…
"Intentional behaviorism" is Gordon Foxall's name for his proposal to mix the oil of mentalist language with the water of empiricist behaviorism. The trouble is, oil and water don't mix. To remain scientific, the language of behavioral science must rema…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 93-100 (2007). FUZZY LOG…
Foxall introduces mental constructs into his modified behaviorism. His goals are praiseworthy, as a reconciliation of public behavior with private dialog-one that improves on contemporary extensions of behaviorism-must be achieved if our epistemology is…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 1-16 (2005). THE FUNCTIO…
This paper deals with the functions of intentional explanations of actions (IEAs), i.e., explanations that refer to intentional states (beliefs, desires, etc.) of the agent. IEAs can have different formats. We consider these different formats to be inst…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 55-65 (2005). ANTIREALIS…
Some operant theorists have argued that the most fundamental concepts of behavior analysis have antirealist implications: for example, that stimuli have no physical properties, that we have no epistemic access to a physical world, that the world exists …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 81-84 (2005). BEHAVIOR A…
Some operant theorists have argued that the most fundamental concepts of behavior analysis have antirealist implications: for example, that stimuli have no physical properties, that we have no epistemic access to a physical world, that the world exists …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 269-272 (2004). THE CONC…
Jonathan Adler's Belief's Own Ethics is a contribution to the ethics of belief tradition and a defense of evidentialism.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 359-375 (2004). CAN WE I…
According to some theories of interpretation, it is difficult to explain and predict irrational behavior in intentional terms because irrational behavior does not support the ascription of intentional states with determinate content. In this paper I cha…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 377-400 (2004). THE EXPE…
Most of us have a very firm belief in mental causation; that is, we firmly believe that our own distinctly mental properties are causally efficacious in the production of our behavior. This belief is dominating in contemporary philosophy of mind as a pa…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 427-451 (2004). REVAMPIN…
Philosophical interest in intentional action has flourished in recent decades. Typically, action theorists propose necessary and sufficient conditions for a movement's being an action, conditions derived from a conceptual analysis of folk psychological …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 479-491 (2004). HOW TO A…
In The Illusion of Conscious Will, Daniel Wegner (2002) argues that our commonsense belief that our conscious choices cause our voluntary actions is mistaken. Wegner cites experimental results that suggest that brain processes initiate our actions befo…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 30, 61-72 (2002). SEARCHING …
Staddon has written a marvelous book, challenging, stimulating, and perhaps even irritating to anyone who is excessively settled in their beliefs, those who have selected to be card-carrying members of any one of the multitude of "ism"s in psychology.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 29, i-iii (2001). EDITORIAL …
An Editorial invitation from Behavior & Philosophy for submissions on the relation between objective and subjective, fact and value, belief and reality, in contemporary psychology.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 25 (2), 137-159, (1997). PSY…
A broad conception of behavior makes considerable headway toward an account of psychological explanation that preserves the intuitive correctness of belief/desire (folk) psychological explanations and whose explanatory utility is not undercut by neuroph…
Item: The Science and Fiction of Autism
ISBN-10: 0674025695 | ISBN-13: 978-0674025691 | Publication Date: September 30, 2007 | Edition: 1 Autism is a complex and incurable constellation of bizarre behaviors, impaired cognition, limited language, and most distressingly, a lack of responsi…
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