Brain and Spinal Cord Injury

Welcome to the Brain Injury Section
Welcome to the Brain Injury

Brain Injuries & Behavior Changes

Behavior can be affected by a brain injury in many ways, creating challenges for the individual receiving the injury as well as for loved ones and family. The role of the behavior analyst can often make a difference in recovery because behavioral strategies can address many of the different facets that enhance better outcomes.

Thinking Changes
Physical Changes
Behavioral Changes
Right-Side Brain Injury Behavior Changes
Left-Side Brain Injury Behavior Changes
Diffuse (Left/Right) Brain Injury Behavior Changes

Thinking Changes

  • Memory
  • Decision Making and Planning
  • Sequencing and Organization
  • Judgment
  • Attention and Perception
  • Communication
  • Reading and Writing Skills
  • Thought Processing Speed
  • Problem Solving Skills
  • Self-Perception
  • Thought Flexibility
  • Safety Awareness
  • New Learning

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Physical Changes

  • Muscle Movement and Coordination
  • Sleep
  • Hearing, Vision, Taste, Smell, Touch
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Balance
  • Speech
  • Seizures
  • Sexual Functioning

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  • Social Skills
  • Emotional Control and Mood Swings
  • Appropriateness of Behavior (Self-Monitoring Remarks & Actions)
  • Reduced Self-Esteem
  • Depression (Agitated Type)*
  • Anxiety & Frustration
  • Stress
  • Denial
  • Self-Centeredness
  • Anger Management
  • Coping Skills
  • Motivation
  • Irritability or Agitation
  • Excessive Laughing or Crying

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Right-Side Brain Injury and Behavior Changes

  • Visual-Spatial Impairment
  • Visual Memory Deficits
  • Left-Side Neglect
  • Decreased Awareness of Deficits
  • Altered Creativity and Music Perception
  • Loss of “The Big Picture” Type of Thinking
  • Decreased Control Over Left-Sided Body Movements

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Left-Side Brain Injury and Behavior Changes

  • Difficulties in Understanding Language (Receptive)
  • Difficulties in Speaking or Verbal Output (Expressive)
  • Catastrophic Reactions (Depression/Anxiety)
  • Verbal Memory Deficits
  • Impaired Logic
  • Sequencing Difficulties
  • Decreased Control Over Right-Sided body Movements

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Diffuse (Left/Right) Brain Injury and Behavior Changes

  • Reduced Thinking Speed
  • Confusion
  • Reduced Attention and Concentration
  • Fatigue
  • Impaired Cognitive Skills in All Areas

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