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From Skinner (e.g., 1938, 1974) on behavioral scientists have been interested in a unified, rigorous, scientific approach to the interplay between behavior and neurophysiology. The purpose of this section of the website is to present the work of behavioral neuroscientists who have solved problems in areas such as psychopharmacolShow More

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Hefferline Notes
A joint venture among the Center, the B.F. Skinner Foundation, and David Palmer leads to the publication of a .pdf document of the Hefferline Notes, Ralph Hefferline's notes on Skinner's lectures on verbal behavior at Columbia University in the summer of 1947. David Palmer created the searchable document and Edward Anderson funded the project.
Tags: behavior, behavior analysis, language, verbal behavior
Verbal Behavior: William James Lectures
By agreement among the Center, the B.F. Skinner Foundation, and David Palmer, The William James Lectures are published as a .pdf document. These lectures were given by Skinner in 1948 at Harvard University as a precursor to Verbal Behavior (1957). The searchable document was created by David Palmer and funding was provided by Edward Anderson.
Tags: behavior, behavior analysis, language, verbal behavior
A Behavior Analytic Paradigm for Adaptive Autonomous Agents
Behavior Analysis, the scientific study of animal and human behavior and learning, provides a strong conceptual framework for intelligent computer systems known as adaptive autonomous agents. The Seventh Generation Technology system, described in this paper, is an autonomous adaptive agent with cognition based on the behavior analytic paradigm.
Behavioural Interpretation of Cognition
It is not commonly appreciated that the behaviorist distinguishes the interpretation of behavior from the experimental analysis of behavior. Only the latter enterprise requires that variables be public, measurable, and reliable; the interpretation of behavior serves a different purpose and is differently constrained.
Tags: interpretation, experimentation
Chomsky's Formal Analysis of Natural Languages: A Behavioral Translation
The controversy between cognitive and behavioral accounts is in part simply a matter of speaking of the same things in different ways. But sometimes also, as when we fall to distinguish between structural and functional problems, controversies arise because we mistakenly speak of different things as if they were the same.
Tags: structure versus function, verbal behavior, language
Computer Modeling of Verbal Behavior
The Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies has had a long interest in language simulation, as the original sponsor of an annual competition characterized as the "first instantiation of the Turing Test." Ken Stephens provides a review of conversant systems, including those that won that competition, and discusses how the power of the techniques used to win has steadily increased. This is put in perspective of a paradigm shift within computational linguistics that has brought powerful empirical techniques to bear.
Tags: computer models, language simulation, verbal behavior
On Chomsky's Review of Skinner's Verbal Behavior
Skinner's book, Verbal Behavior, was published in 1957. Chomsky's review of it appeared in 1959. Chomsky's review was, to put it mildly, displeased. It was also a virtuoso performance whose echoes reverbered throughout psychology. This article provided the first response to criticisms presented by Chomsky, 10 years following his initial review.
Tags: Chomsky, verbal behavior, language
Reinforcement learning and conditioning: an overview
Computer simulations represent an important test of the explanatory power of quantitative models of behavior. Jeremie Jozefowiez presents an investigation into computer models of conditioning, both operant and respondent, that underlie both animal and human behavior.
Tags: computer simulations, computer models, conditioning
Review of Conversant Systems
The Standard Turing Test, proposed by Alan Turing in 1950 as a test of whether machines can actually think, is an exercise in making human judges think a computer program is actually a human. After eleven years of contests, it is appropriate to look back at the most successful systems of the past, and in doing so, try to answer the following questions: What have been the most successful techniques? To what extent have these mirrored the state-of-the-art in computational linguistics and natural language processing? Are we any closer to a truly intelligent computer, and is the Loebner competition the right way to find out?
Tags: Turing Test, computer models
The Neurodevelopment of Autism: Recent Advances by George W. Niemann
During the past several decades researchers have been trying to show that people with autism have definitive brain damage. However, despite the use of more sophisticated brain scanning and imaging methods that have recently become available, there is no evidence of "brain damage" per se. (Excerpt from Introduction)
Tags: Autism, neuroscience

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